SIO 210: Introduction to Physical Oceanography
Fall 2016

Instructors: Lynne Talley and Myrl Hendershott
TA: Shantong Sun (course and Math tutorial)
Time: Monday, Wednesday 2:003:20; tutorials likely Friday 2:003:20
Location: Vaughan 100


Equatorial Pacific SST, courtesy of NOAA
Course Overview
Physical description of the sea; physical properties of seawater, methods
and measurements, boundary processes, regional oceanography. Prerequisites:
the mathematics (calculus) and physics required for admission to the graduate curriculum
in the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, or consent of the instructor.
Since math courses might have been taken many years ago for some students,
please check this math concept
link, and attend the math tutorials if
you want a refresher.
The course url is
http://pordlabs.ucsd.edu/ltalley/sio210. The notes and figures
are background for the coursework. They are evolving and informal. They
may not be used for other purposes without permission. Figures from copyrighted
sources include the reference.
For the SIO 210 Climate Science Policy (morning SIO210) website, Click Here.
Lecture links: until just prior to lecture, the link is likely to be the 2015 content
Sept. 26:
Introduction, scales of motion
and Physical Properties of Seawater I
Sept. 28:
Physical Properties of Seawater II and III
Oct. 3:
Observational tools and Data analysis methods
Oct. 5 (move to Oct. 7):
Typical distributions I and II
Oct. 10:
Dynamics I Advection/Transports/Budgets and
Dynamics II Equations of motion, nonrotating
Oct. 12:
Dynamics III: Rotation
Oct. 17:
Dynamics IV: Geostrophy and
Pacific Ocean circulation I (Kuroshio)
Oct. 19:
Atmospheric circulation and
Dynamics V: Friction, Ekman layers
Oct. 24:
Dynamics VI: Potential vorticity, Rossby waves, eddies
Oct. 26:
Dynamics VII: Sverdrup balance, western boundary currents and
Pacific Ocean circulation II (gyres) and
Global upper ocean circulation (slides 17)
Oct. 31: Midterm (inclass)
Nov. 2:
Eastern boundary currents; and Dynamics VIII: eastern boundary currents
Nov. 7:
Equatorial circulation and ENSO; and Dynamics IX: Equatorial circulation and oceanatmosphere feedbacks
Nov. 9: Waves
Nov. 14:
Tsunamis
Nov. 16:
Tides
Nov. 21: Atlantic,
Indian upper ocean circulation;
Nov. 23:
Atlantic Ocean deep circulation; and Dynamics X: Thermohaline circulation
Nov. 28:
Southern Ocean circulation
and Global circulation
Nov. 30:
Global circulation (continued) and Climate and the oceans. Note: The climate topic was not covered in class and is not on the final exam.
Dec. 7: Final exam (36 PM)
Assignments
Links will be available when Problem Sets are assigned
Problem Set 1, Due Oct. 17
Zipped SIO Pier water temperature data set, one file in csv format, water temperature in last column
Problem Set 2, due Oct. 31
Problem Set 3, due Nov. 21
Problem Set 4: will not be assigned. 2014 and 2015 P.S. 4 are provided for practice.
2015 Problem Set 4. (no answer key available as of Dec. 1)
2014 Problem Set 4
2014 Problem Set 4 Answer Key
Graded final exams will be available in Nierenberg Hall 231 (Tomomi Ushii x49696)
Short paper, data project or tank experiment.
Oct. 24: topic due (very short)
Nov. 21: JOA project or paper due
Tank experiments ongoing.
Choose between:
(1) Review of a pair of published papers (written report),
Guidelines for paper.
(2) Data project using Java Ocean Atlas, with Jim Swift (individual or group presentation, written report).
Letter from Jim Swift regarding JOA.
(3) Tank experiment (group presentation, written report).
Guidelines (2016) for tank experiments
http://paoc.mit.edu/labguide/projects.html
The accompanying textbook is
Marshall, J. and Plumb, R. A., 2007.
Atmosphere, Ocean, and Climate Dynamics: An Introductory Text, Elsevier
Tutorials:
Course material tutorials
SIO210 AM CSP Friday 10:3011:50 Vaughan 100 (Weijie Wang)
SIO210 PM class Friday 1:002:00 Ritter 229 (Shantong Sun)
Math tutorial
(click this link to look at list of math concepts):
Friday 23:20, Ritter 229. (Shantong Sun)
Useful math link:
Wolfram MathWorld
Any basic calculus textbook is helpful. Wikipedia is surprisingly good for calculus as well.
Tutorial Notes:
Sept. 30 CSP: Tutorial 1 (W. Wang)
Grading
Percentages: Final exam (40), midterm exam (20), project/paper (12), each of 4 assignments (7)
Primary texts  online
Other relevant texts
Useful for everyone:

Atmosphere, Ocean, and Climate Dynamics: an Introductory Text by John Marshall and R. Alan Plumb, Elsevier, 2007. (For all tank experiment groups.)

Introduction
to Physical Oceanography. by Robert Stewart (copyright 2008). This is an open source, online text
only, which is currently hosted only as a pdf of entire text.
The link may be ephemeral as it is no longer supported by TAMU.
 Regional
Oceanography: An Introduction. by Matthias Tomczak and Stuart Godfrey.
Introductory level:
 Ocean Circulation. Open University Press, Pergamon.
 Invitation to Oceanography by Paul Pinet, Jones and Bartlett Learning, 2011.
Online study tools.
 UCAR MetEd online course, including unit on currents.
You will have to register, but it's free.
More advanced dynamical treatments:

Introduction to Geophysical Fluid Dynamics by Benoit CushmanRoisin, Elsevier, 2011.

Atmospheric and Oceanic Fluid Dynamics by Geoff Vallis, Cambridge University Press, 2006.

Fluid Mechanics (5th edition) by P. Kundu, I.M. Cohen, D. R. Dowling, Elsevier, 2012.
AtmosphereOcean Dynamics by Adrian Gill, Academic Press, 1982.
pdf of Appendix 2 (properties of seawater)

Introduction to Physical Oceanography by John Knauss

Ocean Circulation and Climate: observing and modelling the global ocean. Ed. G. Siedler, J. Church and J. Gould, Academic Press, 2001.

Ocean Circulation and Climate  A 21st Century Perspective. Ed. G. Siedler, S.M. Griffies, J. Gould and J.A. Church, Elsevier, 2013.
Other online resources
Contact Information
Lynne Talley; Nierenberg Hall 307; 5346610 Home Page
ltalley at ucsd.edu
Myrl Hendershott; CCS Bldg 303; 5343208
mhendershott at ucsd.edu
Jim Swift (JOA projects); 57 Deep Sea Drilling West ; 5343387
jswift at ucsd.edu
Shantong Sun, Teaching Assistant; shs041 at ucsd.edu
Weijie Wang, Teaching Assistant for lab experiments; wew052 at ucsd.edu
Last modified: 4 Dec. 2016