SIO 210: Introduction to Physical Oceanography
Equatorial Pacific SST, courtesy of NOAA
| Instructors: Lynne Talley and Myrl Hendershott
TA: Shantong Sun (course and Math tutorial)
Time: Monday, Wednesday 2:00-3:20; tutorials likely Friday 2:00-3:20
Location: Vaughan 100
Physical description of the sea; physical properties of seawater, methods
and measurements, boundary processes, regional oceanography. Prerequisites:
the mathematics (calculus) and physics required for admission to the graduate curriculum
in the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, or consent of the instructor.
Since math courses might have been taken many years ago for some students,
please check this math concept
link, and attend the math tutorials if
you want a refresher.
The course url is
http://pordlabs.ucsd.edu/ltalley/sio210. The notes and figures
are background for the coursework. They are evolving and informal. They
may not be used for other purposes without permission. Figures from copyrighted
sources include the reference.
For the SIO 210 Climate Science Policy (morning SIO210) website, Click Here.
Lecture links: until just prior to lecture, the link is likely to be the 2015 content
Introduction, scales of motion
and Physical Properties of Seawater I
Physical Properties of Seawater II and III
Observational tools and Data analysis methods
Oct. 5 (move to 7):
Typical distributions I and II
Dynamics I Advection/Transports/Budgets and
Dynamics II Equations of motion, non-rotating
Dynamics III: Rotation
Dynamics IV: Geostrophy and
Pacific Ocean circulation I (Kuroshio)
Atmospheric circulation and
Dynamics V: Friction, Ekman layers
Dynamics VI: Potential vorticity, Rossby waves, eddies
Dynamics VII: Sverdrup balance, western boundary currents and
Pacific Ocean circulation II (gyres) and
Global upper ocean circulation (slides 1-7)
Oct. 31: Mid-term (in-class)
Eastern boundary currents; and Dynamics VIII: eastern boundary currents
Equatorial circulation and ENSO; and Dynamics IX: Equatorial circulation and ocean-atmosphere feedbacks
Nov. 9: Waves
Nov. 21: Atlantic,
Indian upper ocean circulation;
Atlantic Ocean deep circulation; and Dynamics X: Thermohaline circulation
Southern Ocean circulation
and Global circulation
Global circulation (continued) and Climate and the oceans
Dec. 7: Final exam (3-6 PM)
Links will be available when Problem Sets are assigned
Problem Set 1, due Oct. 17
Problem Set 2, due Oct. 31
Problem Set 3, due Nov. 21
Problem Set 4, due Dec. 5
Short paper, data project or tank experiment.
Oct. 24: topic due (very short)
Nov. 21: JOA project or paper due
Tank experiments ongoing.
(1) Review of a pair of published papers (written report),
Guidelines for paper.
(2) Data project using Java Ocean Atlas, with Jim Swift (individual or group presentation, written report).
Letter from Jim Swift regarding JOA.
(3) Tank experiment (group presentation, written report).
Guidelines (2016) for tank experiments
The accompanying textbook is
Marshall, J. and Plumb, R. A., 2007.
Atmosphere, Ocean, and Climate Dynamics: An Introductory Text, Elsevier
Tutorials: times suggested, to be finalized on first day of class
Course material tutorials
Friday 2:30-3:30 Vaughan 300 (Shantong Sun)
(click this link to look at list of math concepts):
Friday 1:30-2:30, Vaughan 100. (Shantong Sun)
Useful math link:
Any basic calculus textbook is helpful. Wikipedia is surprisingly good for calculus as well.
Percentages: Final exam (40), mid-term exam (20), project/paper (12), each of 4 assignments (7)
Primary texts - online
Other relevant texts
Useful for everyone:
Atmosphere, Ocean, and Climate Dynamics: an Introductory Text by John Marshall and R. Alan Plumb, Elsevier, 2007. (For all tank experiment groups.)
to Physical Oceanography. by Robert Stewart. This is an open source, online text
only, which includes a printable pdf and cover. The pdf version is the most up-to-date.
Oceanography: An Introduction. by Matthias Tomczak and Stuart Godfrey.
- Ocean Circulation. Open University Press, Pergamon.
- Invitation to Oceanography by Paul Pinet, Jones and Bartlett Learning, 2011.
Online study tools.
- UCAR MetEd online course, including unit on currents.
You will have to register, but it's free.
More advanced dynamical treatments:
Introduction to Physical Oceanography by John Knauss
Ocean Circulation and Climate: observing and modelling the global ocean. Ed. G. Siedler, J. Church and J. Gould, Academic Press, 2001.
Ocean Circulation and Climate - A 21st Century Perspective. Ed. G. Siedler, S.M. Griffies, J. Gould and J.A. Church, Elsevier, 2013.
Introduction to Geophysical Fluid Dynamics by Benoit Cushman-Roisin, Elsevier, 2011.
Atmospheric and Oceanic Fluid Dynamics by Geoff Vallis, Cambridge University Press, 2006.
Fluid Mechanics (5th edition) by P. Kundu, I.M. Cohen, D. R. Dowling, Elsevier, 2012.
Atmosphere-Ocean Dynamics by Adrian Gill, Academic Press, 1982.
pdf of Appendix 2 (properties of seawater)
Other online resources
Lynne Talley; Nierenberg Hall 307; 534-6610 Home Page
ltalley at ucsd.edu
Myrl Hendershott; CCS Bldg 303; 534-3208
mhendershott at ucsd.edu
Jim Swift (JOA projects); 57 Deep Sea Drilling West ; 534-3387
jswift at ucsd.edu
Shantong Sun, Teaching Assistant; shs041 at ucsd.edu
Weijie Wang, Teaching Assistant for lab experiments; wew052 at ucsd.edu
Last modified: 25 Sept. 2016