MAE 124/ESYS 103 Spring 2010
Additional Guidance for
Paper topic: paper1.pdf
Writing Guide: writing_guide.pdf
A few sample sources to get
We'll add to this list as we locate more relevant information.
You can find your own by consulting Web
of Science or Google Scholar.
and Anna Joelsson, 2010.
Life cycle primary energy analysis of
, Energy and Buildings
. Towards sustainable-energy buildings, Applied Energy
, Issues 1-3, Energex 2002 -
Energy Policies and Economics and Rational Use of Energy of Energy
Topics VI and VII, September-November 2003, Pages 211-217, ISSN
0306-2619, DOI: 10.1016/S0306-2619(03)00059-X.
Nathan S., 2007.
Toward Cost-Effective Solar Energy Use, Science
(5813), 798. [DOI:
Braun, W. G. and P. F.
, Solar Secure Schools: Policies and Guidelines,
Denholm, P. and R.
. Very large-scale deployment of grid-connected solar
photvoltaics in the United States: Challenges and Opportunities,
V., A. Horvath, and S. Madanat, 2010. Comparison
of life-cycle energy and emissions footprints of passenger
transportation in metropolitan regions
, Atmospheric environment, 44
Carlos J. L
., 2003. Sustainable transportation planning on
college campuses, Transport Policy
(1), 35-49, ISSN 0967-070X,
. The Road Less Traveled: Sustainable Transportation for
Campuses. Planning for Higher
(March/May 2003) p. 131-41.
Jacob, B., 2009.
Lamps for improving energy efficiency of domestic lighting, Lighting Res. Technol. 41
Frequently Asked Questions
1. Can you tell me of any good resources for scientific papers
regarding the topics, such as scientific journals that are highly regarded in the field?We'll
continue to talk about this in class. We've given you some starting points
above. Good sources include peer reviewed scientific literature, as well
as government documents. Short articles that may not be peer reviewed
can also be good sources.
do we use turnitin.com?
See the detailed instructions.
How do I create footnotes? Are endnotes acceptable?
Footnotes and endnotes are both fine. Any consistent format is OK. The
Chicago Manual of Style is one
standard format, and you can find a detailed discussion of its usage
term papers at
this University of Wisconsin writing center site.
Students have also asked about Modern Language Association style
(explained here on a
Cornell University web site). That's OK, but it's really geared to
literary or historical research
that cites whole books, when page numbers matter quite a bit. We're
encouraging a more science based citation approach, for which author and
year matter, but articles are short enough that page number isn't so
You may also use citation methods
commonly used for scientific papers, such as numbered references or
in line references to
and year, with a full reference list at the end. A sample reference
be "[Smith and Jones, 2006]". In this case, you should
be sure to identify specific page numbers where relevant ("[Smith and
Jones, 2006, p. 291]").
This Long Island University site
explains the American Medical Association style,
and this University of Georgia site explains the
American Physical Association Style.
How should web pages be cited? What types of web pages are acceptable
If you use a web page as a source, then you should cite it, providing
as much standard reference information as possible: author, title,
location, etc. Keep in mind that web pages vary considerably in
credibility. In general, the most credible information comes from
peer-reviewed scholarly publications (which could include electronic
journals and electronic reprints posted to web pages---if you use a
journal article or other publication that happens to be posted to the
web, then please cite it the same way you would cite it if you had
found it in the library, with standard information such as author,
title, publication year, journal name or publisher, volume number, page
reports (with citations) from environmental organizations are also
often fairly reliable, although they
may not have gone through a peer review process. Some web pages are
essentially advertising brochures for a particular product, and you
probably assume that the authors are presenting a biased view of their
product's features. (Much material also appears in blogs, which can
be interesting and provocative, but may not have much real research or
behind them. We don't recommend blogs as primary research sources.)
How do I request an extension?
Please contact your TA.
Note that if we grant an extension for the April 9/10 deadline,
that will not extend to the other deadline.
Does the preliminary plan (due on April 5th/6th) need to include
Our instructions specify that you must include 2 references, while the
paper will need at least 4 references. We'll talk in discussion section
the 5th and 6th about how to track down good scholarly references.
How should I format my paper?
Please use the following guidelines.
- Upload Word or pdf documents only to turnitin.com. (RTF may be OK
plain text can be a little tricky for formatting.)
- Include your name (First, then Last), PID, Date in upper right
hand corner, single spaced.
- Use 1 inch margins, with 12 point font for the whole document.
Use 1.5 or double spacing for the main text.
- Center your title at the top, but do not include a separate title
- Clearly label sections (intro, background, etc.)
- Include page numbers, centered at the bottom of the pages.
My position statement is at the end of an opening
paragraph that is more than half a page single-spaced, which means it
be on the second page, double-spaced. I know that some professors
smaller, and in turn, more paragraphs for papers, and would actually
subtract points if paragraphs were more than a page double-spaced.
There is no formal requirement for the length of paragraphs, but it is
probably a good idea to make sure that people reading your paper can
find your position statement fairly quickly, before they get to the end
of the first page, for example.
In addition, you also will want to avoid confusing your reader(s) by
paragraphs that are extremely long.
Should the background section use subtitles to identify separate
for economic and environmental pros and cons, or should
the text flow continuously?
Make your paper easy to read. That means that you probably want to
put headings on major sections, but not on every paragraph. So if you
develop an extensive multi-paragraph discussion on economic issues,
you might want to add a section heading. But otherwise you probably
won't need a heading for every issue.
I have been searching for sources for the gray water paper topic. Using
BIOSIS, I did not find much with a key word search on either "grey
water" or "gray water". Google scholar seems problematic because it
produces many sources that I seem to need to pay to see.
Please be sure to run Google scholar (or Web of Science or BIOSIS) from
on campus or using a UCSD proxy server (or VPN), which will allow you
to access journal articles using the University of California
subscriptions. The UCSD library has a
page explaining both. You should not have to pay money to read
articles. The TA's will talk about search methods in greater detail in
section on April 9/10.
I have found that
there are many documented reports on the use of reclaimed water, not
necessarily grey water. Can you distinguish between grey water and
recycled water? I have found that a few of my sources say that
water is that which has been treated to a tertiary level and
while grey water is purified by plants and soil. Is this distinction
A common definition of gray water (or grey water) is that it is "Water
that is not clean enough to be potable, such as having been used for
washing, but that can be recycled, such as for flushing toilets"
(wiktionary.org). As you note reclaimed water can be dirtier to start
out, but it is purified (either to secondary level for irrigation, for
example, or to a higher level for full reuse as drinking water. Clearly
there is some overlap in the terms, and you may find that literature on
reclaimed water is useful. The term paper assignment specifically asked
about gray water, because that is a lower cost treatment option. Your
page count is very limited, but you might find it useful to consider
the relative benefits of reclaimed water systems versus gray water
systems in meeting Southern California water needs.
Does 750-1000 the word count include headers and references?
No, we're looking for 750 to 1000 words of your own writing. We do not
want to penalize your length if you find many good references
to cite and therefore end up with a long reference list.
How many (credible) websites can be used as part of the 4-source minimum?
There's no firm number, but we want you to keep websites to a minimum. One
major goal for this paper is to get you to explore the refereed literature,
so it is important that you include some sources that demonstrate how you've
tested out the UCSD library. A general expectation is that a minimum of 2
to 3 of your 4 sources should definitely be articles or books, though
of course that can vary a bit depending on your topic.
Government agencies often put a lot of good information on web sites, but it is often educational or intended for public outreach. The meatiest stuff is likely to come as government documents, white papers, or technical reports, which are likely to be pdf files with pubication dates, copyright information, and
Regardless of the origins of your sources, you need to cite them properly.
For websites, modern bibliographic style is quite specific about including
as much information as possible, including an accession date.
Where should I look for prices of shuttles similar to UCSD and average gas
prices that the shuttles would use?
One starting point is to check the operating costs reported by UCSD
transportation in their newsletter and in Guardian press coverage.
SANDAG (San Diego Area Governments) has been doing quite a lot of transportation
planning in anticipation of the light-rail extension towards UCSD, and
to get numbers appropriate for Southern California,
you might also look for SANDAG documents that consider costs of bus rapid
transit and bus systems in general. National operating costs should
be available for other regional transportation districts from throughout
the US, so a google search is likely to reveal a variety of regional planning
I'm having trouble finding statistics on UCSD's current water usage and costs,
along with detailed statistics of installation costs of a gray water system.
You'll need to look for UCSD or local government documents for water costs.
UCSD has an extensive reclaimed water system (slightly different than
graywater), and costs for that system are discussed in this document.
For costs, you'll need to look for documents outlining installation costs, and you could try scaling up from household greywater costs.
I am supporting the installation of a gray water system. In the
analysis, do I need to pick one specific type of system, such as membrane
bioreactor, to endorse for use at UCSD? Or can I say we could install a
variety of systems, and talk about the overall benefits and costs that
come with any gray water system?
You may write your paper either way, but you should think carefully about what you can realistically do within your tight word count limit. In general, we do like papers that explore specific factual details and that provide quantitative assessments.